In 1971 the Pakistan Army and their local collaborators, most notably the extreme right wing Islamist militia groups Al-Badr, engaged in the systematic execution of Bengali pro-liberation intellectuals during the Bangladesh liberation war of 1971, a war crime. Intellectuals were killed during the entire duration of the war. The largest number of executions took place on 25 March and 14 December 1971, as it became apparent that Bangladesh would become independent. 14 December is commemorated in Bangladesh as Martyred Intellectuals Day.
Martyred Intellectuals Day.
Statistics:The number of intellectuals killed is estimated in Banglapedia as follows –
- Academics – 991
- Journalists – 13
- Physicians – 49
- Lawyers – 42
- Others (litterateurs, artists and engineers) – 16