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Política Internacional / 18/05/2021

WORLD NEWS

Constituent of Chile will have half of women

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Constituent of Chile will have half of women


Chileans will elect on Saturday and Sunday the 155 constituent deputies who will be responsible for drafting the country's new constitution. The election takes place seven months after the historic referendum that opted for a new Charter. Seventeen places are reserved for indigenous peoples. Women will be half of those elected, an unprecedented parity in a Constitutional Convention.

For the historian, anthropologist and professor at the Catholic University of Chile, Rodrigo Mayorga, gender parity in the drafting of a constitution brings important benefits. One is to ensure that those who make the decisions adequately represent those who voted for them. The other is legitimacy. “Nothing better than a woman to discuss issues that are relevant to them, that are related to their experiences. An example is abortion. ”

Due to the pandemic, the election, which had already been postponed once, will take place in two days and the goal is for the population to be able to vote with the necessary peace of mind and the necessary health security. Altogether, there are 1,374 candidates divided into lists, some of which are linked to political parties, but others are not.

Independent candidate, Giovanna Grandón became known after participating in the 2019 and 2020 protests dressed as Pikachu, a character the Pokémon anime. However, underneath the fantasy, there was a woman willing to change the reality of her country.

Last year, she decided to run for constituency for district 12, which brings together some of the poorest regions of Santiago. If she is elected, Giovanna wants to do participatory management. “I will use part of my salary as a constituent to create a platform on which people can place their main demands and, that, I will take matters to be discussed in plenary.

One of the flags it intends to raise, if it becomes a constituent, is that of inclusive education. According to Giovanna, people with disabilities have difficulties in entering regular schools and, in order for them to develop, they need to stop living only with their peers.

On gender equality in the writing of the Constitution, the candidate is incisive. “Parity was an achievement of the marches, mainly the one held on March 8, 2020, which brought together thousands of people. It is necessary, once and for all, to have equal pay in this country for people who occupy the same position ”, she says.

Mother of four and grandmother of two grandchildren, until the beginning of 2020 Giovanna was an autonomous school van driver. However, she ended up without a job due to the coronavirus pandemic. It was then that she joined a group of volunteers to help residents of poor areas of Santiago.

In addition to constituents, Chileans will also vote for councilors, mayors and regional governors. The first results will be announced tomorrow night and the expectation is that those who will be part of the Constitutional Convention will already be known on the same day.

Deadline

Chilean constituent deputies will have nine months to draft the new Magna Carta - the deadline can be extended by another three months. After the work is completed, about 60 days later, a new referendum will take place, and this time, Chileans will decide whether or not to approve the new text. If it is approved, it will be the end of the last vestige of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990). If rejected, the current 1980 Constitution will remain in effect.

Constitution Protests

Chile faced a series of protests in late 2019, which began in the capital as a coordinated campaign for high school students to avoid paying for Santiago's metro in response to the price increase.

The protests spread across the country, led to clashes with the riflemen, the national police, and the destruction of infrastructure.

The President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, announced a state of emergency and authorized the sending of soldiers to the main regions of the country to enforce the order and repress the destruction of public goods.

He also invoked before the courts the State Security Law against dozens of detainees. A curfew was declared on October 19 in the Greater Santiago area, for the first time since 1987, at the end of the Pinochet dictatorship.

Although the trigger was the increase in the price of the subway, the protests exposed other causes: the high cost of living, low pensions, high prices for medicines and health treatments, and a general rejection of the entire political class and the Constitution itself. dictatorship time.


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